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Nephrology - Néphrologie - Nefrologia

Authors : Le (First Aid)


Embryology


Kidney embryology Potter sequence (syndrome)
Horseshoe kidney
Congenital solitary functioning kidney
Duplex collecting system
Posterior urethral valves


Embryology



Anatomy


Kidney and glomerular structure
Course of ureters


Anatomy



Physiology


Fluid compartments
Glomerular fltration barrier
Renal clearance
Glomerular fltration rate
Effective renal plasma flow
Filtration
Changes in glomerular dynamics
Calculation reabsorption secretion rate
Glucose clearance
Nephron physiology
Renal tubular defects
Relative concentrations along PCT
Renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system
Juxtaglomerular apparatus
Kidney endocrine functions
Hormones acting on kidney
Potassium shifts
Electrolyte disturbances
Features of renal disorders
Acid-base physiology
Acidosis and alkalosis
Renal tubular acidosis


Physiology



Pathology



Renal Failure


Renal & Bladder Cancers



Casts in urine
Nomenclature of glomerular disorders
Glomerular diseases
Nephritic syndrome
Nephrotic syndrome
Kidney stones
Hydronephrosis
Renal cell carcinoma
Renal oncocytoma
Nephroblastoma (Wilms tumor)
Transitional cell carcinoma
Squamous cell carcinoma bladder
Urinary incontinence
UTI (acute bacterial cystitis)
Pyelonephritis
Diffuse cortical,necrosis
Renal osteodystrophy
Acute kidney injury (acute renal failure)
Consequences of renal failure
Acute interstitial nephritis (tubuloint)
Acute tubular necrosis
Renal papillary necrosis
Renal cyst disorders

Pathology



Pharmacology


Diuretics site of action
Mannitol
Acetazolamide
Loop diuretics
Thiazide diuretics
Potassium-sparing diuretics
Diuretics : electrolyte changes
ACEI
Angiotensin II receptor blockers
Aliskiren


Pharmacology



Topics


Links & References


Authors :



Callaghan. The Renal System at a Glance. 3e. 2009.
Callaghan. The Renal System at a Glance. 4e. 2016.

Le. First Aid USMLE Step 1. 2017. (Renal) - PDF (Pathology incomplete)